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CATEGORY ARCHIVES


ANTI FUNGAL

Diflucan (Fluconazole) is a medication that is used to treat different infections brought about by fungus, due to its antifungal antibiotic properties. These fungus-caused infections have the tendency of invading any body part from the blood, mouth, genital area, throat, bladder, esophagus to the lungs.

For people with suppressed immune system as a result of bone marrow transplant, disease, for example, AIDS, or even cancer treatment, Diflucan is used so as to prevent any fungal infection.

Important Safety Information’s

There exist some drugs that are known to react in an adverse manner when you take Diflucan, namely erythromycin, quinine or it could also be pimozide. In case if you are presently under treatment for some other ailment and have plans to take this medicine, inform the physician immediately.

On deciding to take Diflucan for a fungal infection, convey it to the doctor if you have any track record of suffering from heart ailments like arrhythmia. Along with that equally important is intimating the physician if you have present hepatic or renal problems or Long QT Syndrome.

On following the course of Diflucan, it is necessary to comply with the frequency of the medicine intake as advised by the doctor. At times, the symptoms would diminish earlier than the eradication of the infection from the body. Though the symptoms wane from the body, it is still advised to complete the course of medication. The infection is likely to recur if you try to skip doses of the medication in the final stages and can be immune to the medication itself.

Diflucan is originally manufactured for the objective of treating the infections caused by fungi. Taking this medication will not lead to subsidizing of the effects inflicted by the symptoms of influenza or cold that are classified as viral diseases. Refrain from this medicine if you exhibit allergic tendencies because of the main component fluconazole or if you are presently taking quinine.

Inform your physician if you are battling a hepatic ailment (a type of liver condition), AIDS, heart disease, arrhythmia, kidney ailments (if you are undergoing dialysis) and if you are allergic to any sort of antifungal drugs before starting the course of Diflucan

If you are intolerant towards lactose or galactose content, remember to inform the physician prior to the taking of suspension of Diflucan (liquid form of the medication taken orally) as it constitutes sucrose (a combination of starch and sugar). When you consume a single dose of the medication for treating infection of yeast in women, it does not have any kind of impact on the unborn child.

If you have conceived presently, then avoid taking more than one dose of this drug. When Diflucan is taken for longer time spans it has the potential to produce negative effects on the unborn baby. Inform the doctor at the earliest if you have any idea of becoming pregnant or if you are already conceived.

Dosage

Remember to comply with the exact guidelines provided by the doctor as part of the prescription. Do not indulge in taking Diflucan additionally or lesser than the quantity that has been prescribed by the medico. See to it you do not exceed the time frame of continuing the medication against the doctor’s advice.

The dosage of Diflucan is subject to change on the basis of the infection you are presently afflicted with. It is just one dose of the drug that is sufficient to treat for many of the vaginal infections like yeast. Instances are quite high where the dosage is doubled if the infections are treated in this particular way. In any given circumstance the doctor’s words have to be adhered without fail.

Consumption of meals does not exert any influence on the capability of Diflucan. The medication can be either taken prior or after the meals. Shake the medication vigorously before taking if it is in liquid form. Ascertain the dosage levels with the help of an appropriate cup or spoon bought from the pharmacy and please do not opt for the normal one.

Missing a dose and overdose

When you, at sometimes miss out on taking the dose of Diflucan, do well to take it immediately on remembering it. Do not end up taking additional dose to make up for the forgotten one. Just leave the missed dose if it’s time for the next dose. Call the local poison hotline if you overdosed by mistake.

Side Effects

The side effects that arise from taking Diflucan are in two categories:

Serious side effects

These include:

  • Convulsions (seizures)
  • Unusual weakness,
  • Severe red skin rash, peeling and blistering
  • Flu symptoms, fever, flu, body aches, chills
  • Clay-colored stools, nausea, jaundice (skin or eyes become yellow), upper stomach pain, dark urine, loss of appetite, itching

Less serious effects

They include:

  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Upset stomach, diarrhea, mild stomach pain

Relative Contraindications

In the course of taking the medication if you experience any form of allergic reaction like rashes in the body or have any problems in breathing normally curb any further intake.  Few patients have also mentioned instances of suffering from hives. Never take Diflucan with other medications like prednisone or halofantrine. At any point inform the medical professional about the medication you are presently taking.


Lamisil, also known as terbinafine, is a strong antifungal antibiotic medication that is widely used to fight fungus related infections. In most cases, Lamisil treats fungus infections that affect a person’s toenails or fingernails.

In children, Lamisil is administered to treat scalp hair follicles fungal infections. However, the child should not be under the age of four years.

Important data

Terbinafine is the main chemical in Lamisil. Terbinafine is also available under other names. Those drugs are called as generic drugs. It was introduced in market after undergoing years of research, approval, marketing, testing and others.

After expiry of patent rights, a lot of companies incorporated Terbinafine in their drugs and have manufactured drugs similar to Lamisil. If you are choosing a reliable manufacturer, his methods of manufacturing would be approved by FDA and thereby, you would have a generic medicine which is cheaper than brand yet, as reliable as Lamisil.

When this medication is taken, few people developed serious liver problems. This made them to undergo liver transplantation. In some cases, it was fatal.

This drug might not be the only cause for this situation. Anyway, you should have close look when you experience any liver related symptoms. Severe nausea, yellowish skin, pale stools, dark urine, pain in the abdomen and yellow eyes is some of the symptoms of liver damage or failure.

If you suffer from psoriasis, lupus, liver disease, weekend immunity, HIV or any other autoimmune disorder, tell about this to a doctor before taking this medication.

If you are pregnant, then it is better not to take Lamisil during this period. There are possibilities that the medication would pass on to the fetus.

If you are woman who is nursing a baby then you can take Lamisil to treat the fungal infection after this phase is completed. The ingredients in the drug might pass in to the baby while breast feeding.

Dosage

You should use the medication as mentioned by your doctor and you should not deviate from it. Take the dosage strength of Lamisil exactly without doubling or increasing the dose.

Never take this medication for a longer period than that is mentioned by a medical specialist. Usually Lamisil would be prescribed for the period of 12 weeks.

Drink the drug with a full glass of water. If granules are to be taken then mix it with pudding or mash. Avoid mixing it with applesauce or any fruits.

When you mix the granules, you should take it immediately without chewing and should not store it for later use.

Missing a dose and Overdose

Take the missed dose of Lamisil when you remember. It is important to ignore the missed dose when it is time to take the next pill. Do not double or increase the dosage strength of this medication to cope up with the missed one.

It would only cause ill effects and drug overdose. In this condition, it is essential to get medical help as soon as possible.

Side Effects

The side effects experienced after taking Lamisil are not necessarily a result of improper use of the drug. In most cases, they occur due to the body’s adaptation or reaction to the medication. The most common Lamisil side effects include:

  • Severe headaches
  • Sore throat, stuffy nose
  • Stomach pain, mild nausea, iarrhea
  • Changes in a person’s smell or taste

Relative Contraindications

You should not drink tea or coffee while on this treatment. Avoid taking any products that contain caffeine in it. Do not go under direct sunlight.

One of the common contraindication is getting an allergy. Stop the medication when you suffer from any allergic reactions.

If you are taking blood pressure medications, desipramine, cyclosporine, or  fluconazole, consult about this to the doctor before taking Lamisil.


Nizoral is an antifungal treatment medicine that has ketoconazole as its chief ingredient. It belongs to the class of azole antifungus and its prime goal is to stop the multiplication and growth of fungus.

It is a potent chemical formulation and hence needs to be used with care. When you approach a doctor to get a prescription tell him if you suffer from any liver problems, a family history of QT syndrome or problems with adrenaline gland.

Important data

Nizoral can be used to treat various fungal infections in the body. Some of these infections can even be serious and pose a real threat. This medicine can even be used to beat such serious fungal infections as well. But it is not intended for treating fungal infections in the toes and fingernails.

It can also not be used for fungal infections in the brain and on the skin. Nizoral medicine should be used as a last resort when other anti-fungal medications fail to show effect. This is because in some people this medicine can cause serious lung infections and can even lead to death.

Dosage

Nizoral comes in the form of a tablet that can be consumed with or without food. But it should not be consumed with antacid. It should either be taken 1 hour before or 1 hour after taking antacid.

If taken together the absorption rate of Nizoral will be reduced greatly. A 200 mg of this pill should be taken daily to notice a significant difference in 6 months’ time.

If the degree of cure is insufficient then the dose can be increased to a maximum of 400 mg. Always take Nizoral medicine based only on the stipulations provided by the doctor. The dosage strength is equivalent for both branded medicine and generic medicine.

Side effects

Some common side effects such as nausea or headache may occur in the initial stages of using Nizoral medicine. Monitor these effects and if they do not ward off after a while inform your health care facilitator about your condition.

Other serious side effects such as,

  • severe dizziness,
  • loss of appetite,
  • weakness,
  • stomach pain,
  • headache with chest pain

You must get urgent medical attention if you notice any serious side effects.

Relative Contraindications

Nizoral interacts with many prescription and non-prescription medications and hence any drugs you take along with this medicine such as antibiotics must get an approval from the doctor.

Some drugs interactions might not necessarily result in side effects but they will reduce the efficiency of this medicine.


Mycelex-G is a medicine that used for vaginal infections. It basically prevents the fungus from growing by employing its active ingredient clotrimazole. This medicine comes in the form of a tablet as well as a skin cream.

Women who are suffering from vaginal infection for the first time must consult a doctor before taking Mycelex-G. That is because first time users need to know the proper ways to use this medicine, which can only be obtained after a consultation from a doctor.

Drug Data

Mycelex-G is classified as an azole antifungal and reduces the itching, burning or any other discomfort in the vaginal area.

It is used to treat different kinds vaginal yeast infections. But if the vaginal discharge is accompanied by a foul smell then one must consult a doctor because this can be a sign of more serious infection.

Mycelex-G only works for fungal infection and it is deemed ineffective for infection resulting from bacteria. People afflicted with diabetes, HIV, fever and abdominal pain must not use clotrimazole.

Application

Follow the usage directions given on the information leaflet or as it is given by the doctor or a pharmacist. The vaginal skin cream must be applied in the area around and outside the vagina.

Thoroughly clean the area with soap and water. Dry completely before applying Mycelex-G cream. Wash your hands properly after applying the medicine.

Typically the cream must be applied twice a day for 4 weeks, to notice a significant difference. Even if the symptoms disappear after a while continue to use the medicine for the prescribed time duration.

Side effects

A common side effect that one using Mycelex-G cream might experience is mild stinging around the vagina. But not all people will experience side effects and some only face it to a minor extent in the beginning stages of using the pill.

Some severe side effects can be allergic reactions, peeling, burning or itching of skin, reddening of skin. These serious side effects must be reported promptly.

The side effects occur with the same magnitude for both brand and generic medicine. Many people might worry that since generic medicine does not have a brand guarantee they will have more side effects. This is not true for all the companies. Major generic companies also need to abide by the rules of FDA.

Relative Contraindications

Products that increase the risk of yeast infection in the vagina would interfere with the effectiveness of Mycelex-G. Such products include corticosteroids and certain antibiotics.

This medicine also interacts with certain drugs that suppress the immune system such as anti-HIV drugs. Hence try not to be a victim of drug interactions because some of them can even harm your life.


Grifulvin is an anti-fungal medication that is used to treat fungal infections originating from different parts of the body. It is made in both liquid form and tablet form.

The medicine must be used for several weeks to notice improvement in the symptoms. Infections related to the nail may take several months to heal.

Important information

In specific Grifulvin is used to treat redness, itching or scaling of skin that are triggered due to a fungal infection. It can be used for jock itch, ringworm, fungal infections on the scalp, athlete’s foot and toenail infection. But bear in mind that it is only used for fungal infections and not bacterial infections.

If taken properly it effectively hinders the growth of fungi in the body. Usually this medicine is used when creams or lotions are not able to treat the infection. One should not take this medicine if they are allergic to grifulvin or suffering from any liver diseases. Even pregnant women must exercise caution before taking the medicine.

You have to tell to a health care professional about the allergies you had experienced in the past. This drug contains certain ingredients that might cause allergic reactions in the body. To know about it in detail, you can ask a pharmacist.

Prior to taking Grifulvin V, you should discuss with a doctor regarding your health issues such as high blood pressure, severe hepatic disorder, kidney problems, or blood disease.

While taking Grifulvin medication, it would lower the reflex speed as well as reaction time hence it is better to avoid activities. Do not drink alcohol while using this drug.

When you use the medication, your skin would be more sensitive to sunlight. So, avoid going under direct sunlight.

In case, you wanted to go out then you can use sunscreen with SPF 30 at least 15 minutes before starting.

You should avoid pregnancy or to impregnate at least one month after the completion of the treatment. Do not take this medication while pregnant or nursing a baby.

Dosage

Grifulvin medicine comes in the form of tablets as well as an oral suspension. The dosage suggestion of the tablet depends on the type of infection.

It is important to identify the type of fungus that is infecting the body in order to determine the exact the dosage in which the medicine should be taken. Never take the Grifulvin medicine longer than the duration specified to you by the doctor.

Shake the oral suspension well before taking it with the help of a measuring spoon provided with the product or a syringe. The tablet version can be crushed and mixed with applesauce at times when it is difficult to swallow it.

Missing a dose and Overdose

There are chances that you would miss a Grifulvin dose. Take the missed one as soon as you remember. But, when you are about to take the next dose, you should avoid taking the missed one.

You should not increase the dosage strength to compensate with the missed dose. This would only lead to drug overdose thus aggravating ill effects.

Side effects

Any allergic reactions arising from the use of Grifulvin medicine must be checked with a doctor immediately. The signs of allergic reactions include swelling of the face including lips, mouth and tongue. It is not advised to take this pill if you have had any allergic reactions from it in the past. Other common side effects include

  • rash,
  • headache,
  • itching,
  • upset stomach,
  • insomnia,
  • diarrhea.

Relative Contraindications

Any drug interactions happening with the intake of Grifulvin medicine may either reduce the effectiveness of this medicine or reduce the effectiveness of the other medicine or in the worst case lead to unwanted side effects. Hence discuss with a doctor about the drugs that might interact with this medicine.


Femcare is a product made to treat fungal infections occurring in the genital areas of a woman. Femcare actually contains the active component clotrimazole.

Drug Data

Femcare is used for vaginal yeast infections that cause itching, burning, redness and scaling of the skin. This medicine is categorized as an azole antifungal medicine and it works by curbing the growth of the fungus in the body.

With clotrimazole as an active ingredient many brands have manufactured different formulations of their own. Each one differs in a way and has a specialty of its own. But among all the branded ones the generic femcare online is the cheapest possible option.

Generic brands of this medicine also maintain quality same as the branded one. It is better to refrain from all sexual activity while using this pill. The medication does not prevent the spreading of infections to your partner.

Dosage

The tablet version of Femcare must be taken in a specific time everyday for a few days until the symptoms disappear. Dosage recommendations are usually given by a doctor. Do not use a higher dose than what is prescribed by the doctor.

Application

The Femcare cream version must be applied around the vaginal area. Some brand medicines require it to be applied inside the vagina while others are intended to be applied only outside the vagina.

If you do not see any improvements in 3 days of using Femcare medicine, consult a doctor immediately. A quick tip is use a sanitary napkin to prevent the medicine from rubbing onto the under garments or the skin

Side effects

Common side effects include

  • Stinging sensation in the vagina
  • Slight aggravation in redness and itching

However, call your doctor immediately if any allergic reactions occur. Allergic reactions can usually be dangerous if not treated on time. Do not wait for the allergic symptoms to subside by themselves.

Precautions

  • To facilitate the doctor in giving you the best treatment, inform him/her about all the herbal, prescription and over the counter medications that you are currently taking.
  • Femcare medicine is especially known to interact with products that increase the probability of yeast infections.
  • Consult a doctor immediately if your see any unusual symptoms in the body.
  • Do not suddenly stop taking Femcare medicine without consulting a doctor.
  • Do not increase or decrease the dosage without prior approval from your physician.

Mentax is an antifungal cream with Butenafine hydrochloride as the active ingredient. It is a highly popular cream indicated for treating fungal infections in the body. The principle component of the medicine is odorless in nature and its formulation is crystalline powder.

It is partially soluble in water and completely soluble in chloroform and methanol. Since its medical property is equivalent to that of allylamine antifungals, the primary working mechanism of Mentax is to obstruct the synthesis of ergosterol by blocking the actions of squalene epoxidase, an enzyme that supposedly plays an active role in the production of sterols which is very much essential in the fungal cell membranes.

Drug Data

The Mentax antifungal cream can treat various skin infections like jock itch, ringworm infections, and athlete’s foot. The antifungal cream is powerful in healing the skin infections caused by certain fungus.

The latest scientific studies highlight the effectiveness of Mentax topical cream in treating dermatophyte infections caused in toenails. However, for treating this specific condition the cream of the formulation should be applied for a longer period of time.

The Mentax antifungal cream is also used for treating tinea, and is highly effective is eliminating the candida albicans that is classified as a diploid fungus.

Application

Mentax is typically a cream and hence should be applied only in the affected portions of the skin. Adhering to the prescription instruction is highly critical so as to experience optimal benefits from the cream.

It is better to wash the hands with mild hot water before applying Mentax cream and the same can be followed post-application of the cream. It is imperative to clean and dry the affected regions of the skin before applying.

The duration of the course of therapy should be for the entire prescription period. It is most likely that the symptoms begin to cease before completion of the course of therapy. The least one should wait for a minimum of four weeks to experience positive improvement.

Side effects

Side effects experienced as a result of applying Mentax cream are,

  • blistering of skin,
  • redness,
  • skin peeling,
  • irritation,
  • dryness of skin.

However, these adverse effects are rarely observed.

The most common side effects are

  • burning,
  • itching,
  • mild stinging.

And, these can be observed once the cream is applied on to the skin. It is better advised to seek consultation with the doctor upon experiencing some signs of allergic reactions like swelling in facial regions, formation of hives and difficulty experienced while breathing.

Relative Contraindications

Though there are no concrete evidences, it is most likely that other drugs that are been taken interact with the topical formulation of the medicine. Hence, keep your physician posted about the over-the-counter drugs, prescription medicines and other herbal products that you take on a regular basis, so that the feasibility of using the Mentax antifungal cream can be determined in clear terms.


Lotrisone is an anti-skin infection cream with the medical combination of clotrimazole and betamethasone. The antifungal cream is recommended for use in people of all age groups and has the potential to treat skin infections of all kind.

Lotrisone, one of its medical composition is categorized as a steroid with powerful properties to control swelling and itching of the skin. The generic name of the topical cream is identified as clotrimazole and betamethasone dipropionate which is well-identified for its role in regulating the functioning of certain processes that are crucial in causing skin infections.

The Lotrisone cream was approved in the year 1961 and made it to the list of essential medicines that ought to be present in the basic health system.

Important data

The medication primarily treats tinea cruris, tinea corporis and tinea pedis to the fullest extent. And those are inflammation, protein regulation, immune function and cellular signaling. The cream should not be over applied.

Through clinical trials, it has been found that people who use Lotrisone cream experienced a considerable reprieve from skin infections when compared to those treated with clotrimazole cream.

Rashes due to using diapers should not be treated with Lotrisone. The effect to be shown itself takes for about two weeks. You can take the med during this time. If your symptoms are improving within a week or two, then you don’t have to approach your doctor.

Adhere strictly to the doctor’s instructions or to the prescription label. Follow the precautions mentioned on the cream box properly. If you encounter any conditions like allergies or if you are taking any other medicine, then visit the doctor immediately. If you are allergic to the main active ingredient of the medicine, then do not use the cream.

If you have a skin infection, then inform your doctor about it before buying the cream. Intimate your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. It is safe not to breastfeed your child while using the cream though it is not known whether this med can pass through breast milk.

Dosage

Lotrisone should not be applied on open wounds and most specifically in skin tones that are subjected to sunburn, and windburn. Indeed, it should not be applied to an irritated skin.

One should refer the instructions that come along with the cream for effective use.

Applying the cream beyond the prescribed period of time is not advisable at any cost. The best way of applying it is to take a thin layer of the cream and then go about in rubbing it gently.

Do not use more cream as if you use more, it might lead to overdose. Never take the cream in the form of oral administration as it can result in severe side effects and ask about the proper application methods of this cream. Do not apply Lotrisone on the sunburned or tanned skin. Also, do not apply this cream on wounds or cuts near the infected area.

If the cream gets inside the most sensitive areas like eyes, mouth, nasal cavity, anal or vaginal areas by accident, then rinse those areas immediately with a lot of water.

Do not wear clothes as soon as you apply the cream, you need to give some time for the cream to get dried. Make sure that your feet are dry always if you are treating athlete’s foot. You can use the cream for a maximum of two weeks to treat jock itch and four weeks to treat athlete’s feet.

Missing a dose and Overdose

Always apply the cream on time so as to never give a chance for missed dose. If you forgot to apply the cream, then apply it as soon as you remember. If it is time to apply the cream for the next dose, then skip the missed dose and apply it for the scheduled time. Do not overdose cream and if you happen to do so then wipe the excess cream immediately with a clean cotton wool.

Side effects

Given the increased chances of the cream getting absorbed through the skin, researchers caution about the possibility of adverse effects in the adrenal gland. However, the common side effects are,

According to FDA, there is a greater possibility of one experiencing different side effects apart from the ones mentioned above.

Relative Contraindications

Drugs both injected and administered orally will negatively impact the effects of the antifungal medicine. To be on the safer side, those opting to use the cream should talk to the doctor and find out if the cream can be used at the instance of administering other medications. This will bring down the possibility of drug interaction.


Gyne-lotrimin is a highly potent antifungal medication in cream form that is extensively been used to treat fungal infections in both humans and animals. Clotrimazole is the generic name of the pill.

The predominant use of the medication is to treat vaginal yeast infection. It can bring down the severity of itching and irritation experienced as a result of yeast infections.

Drug data

Gyne-lotrimin is also used for treating vulvovaginal candidiasis (yeast infection) and other infections in the skin that are caused by yeast. Gyne-lotrimin is available in the form of cream as well as tablets.

The inactive ingredients are Purified Water, Cetearyl Alcohol, Benzyl Alcohol, Sorbitan Monostearate and Cetyl Esters Wax. Perhaps, it is a host of these inactive medical components along with the active ingredient that makes the topical cream more powerful.

For treating skin infections the Gyne-lotrimin cream should be applied twice a day for about two to eight continuous weeks.

For treating yeast infections in vagina, the cream should be applied in the inner regions of vagina. The medicine is recommended for use in both pediatrics and adults.

Dosage

In order to treat vaginal infection, one applicator ful should be inserted into the vagina during the bedtime for seven consecutive days.

To apply it on the external surface, take a small proportion of the cream in the fingertip and rub it on to the skin surrounding the vagina.

To experience complete relief from infection, use the Gyne-lotrimin cream for the entire course of therapy. Some manufacturers of the medicine provide seven applicators which can be used for seven days. Don’t reuse the same applicator for each consecutive day.

Side effects

When the Gyne-lotrimin medicine is administered in oral formulation the side effects are vomiting, nausea and itching. Women taking the medicine or applying the cream experience burning sensation in vagina. Liver function tests should not be performed whilst undergoing course of therapy with the medication, as the results might be abnormal given the impact the medicine causes in the liver.

The other common side effects are

  • peeling of skin,
  • itching,
  • redness,
  • skin irritation,
  • swelling.

Vaginal discharge with foul smell is the other common adverse effect of the pill.

Relative Contraindications

The Gyne-lotrimin medication interact with drugs belonging to various categories and can negatively impact the health of a person. Hence, it should be taken only after consulting the doctor.

To stay protected against any unexpected adverse effect in the body, it is imperative to administer the pill only at instances when there is an absence of drug interaction.


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