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CATEGORY ARCHIVES


ANTIDEPRESSANTS

Zoloft (sertraline) belongs to an extensive group of anti-depressant drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Sertraline works by affecting the chemicals which might be unbalanced in the brain as a result of obsessive-compulsive symptoms, Depression, anxiety, or panic.

Drug data

The main chemical in Zoloft is Sertraline. You can find a lot of other generic Sertraline medicines which provide the same results as of Zoloft. Some inactive elements might differ between generic and brand medicine. These elements would not alter the effectiveness of the drug.

Sertraline and other chemicals in the Zoloft are approved by FDA and many other governing bodies. If the generic medicine you choose has any inactive chemical that is not approved by FDA, you might have some additional side effects.

Zoloft is used to treat posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, panic disorder, obsession, anxiety disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder, especially for adults.

For children in the age bracket of 6-10 years, Zoloft is applicable in the treatment of OCD. But, it is better to take a doctor’s advice before you start using it or continuing it beyond the time prescribed by the doctor.

A person with seizure, kidney disease or liver problem should visit a physician before commencing any Zoloft dosage regimen so as to prevent any reaction that would lead to more harm.

Zoloft also causes adverse effect to unborn child or lactating baby. Thus, it should not be consumed by lactating mothers or pregnant women.

Dosage

Zoloft is available in the dosage strengths of 25 mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg in tablet form, or as an oral concentrate. Follow the doctor’s instructions and also the information on the prescription label while consuming Zoloft.

Do not alter the dose in any manner without consultation. Zoloft may be taken either with or without food, preferably at the same time every day for effective results.

It may take around four weeks to see significant improvement in your condition. Do not stop Zoloft abruptly without a proper taper as otherwise it can cause unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.

Precautions

Do not take Zoloft if you are allergic to Sertraline or any of the ingredients. If you have used a MAO inhibitor recently, wait for a lapse of fourteen days before the intake of Zoloft.

Zoloft can exacerbate certain mental health symptoms like suicidal thoughts and anxiety, which have to be closely monitored and consulted with the doctor. Pregnant and breast-feeding women should avoid taking Zoloft as it can harm the baby.

Individuals with a history of drug or alcohol abuse should not consume Zoloft. Inform the physician of all existing health conditions and any other drugs currently being taken to avoid harmful adverse effects.

Side effects

Common side effects of Zoloft include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Changes in appetite
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Decreased libido
  • Nausea
  • Stomach pain
  • Tiredness
  • Dizziness

Severe side effects of Zoloft that require medical attention include:

  • Seizures
  • Manic episodes
  • Low sodium level
  • High level of serotonin in the body
  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Changes in behavior that may be unusual or risk-taking
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Suicidal thoughts or tendencies

Prozac is anti-depressant drug having the major component as fluoxetine. As an anti-depressant, Prozac is used by most pharmacists and doctors to treat conditions such as panic disorder, depression, anxiety attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorder, bulimia nervosa and premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

Prozac typically affects specific chemicals that occur naturally in every human brain. It is widely distributed either in liquid form or white colored pellets. The drug should be secured in a place free from moisture and heat.

Dosing guide

Prozac is available as gelatinous capsules in the dosage strengths of 10 mg, 20 mg, 40 mg, and 90 mg. The drug is most effective when it is taken according to the prescription information provided by the doctor. The drug is also available for use in other forms, and based on the one that may be prescribed you should read product information leaflet and take the drug exactly as recommended.

The once daily dosage of Prozac may be 20 to 80 mg for adults and 10 to 20 mg for children. For the symptoms of the depression disorder to improve it would normally take about four weeks. Consult with your doctor if there is still no improvement in your condition.

Missed dose and overdose

In case of missed dose, take it as soon as you remember to do so unless the timing is closer to or conflicts with the next scheduled dose.

In case you missed a weekly dose, take the missed dose of Prozac immediately and wait seven days before taking the next dose.

For overdose, get emergency medical assistance without delay.

Precautions and warnings

Avoid taking Prozac if you are allergic to Fluoxetine.

Infants and pregnant women are not advised to be on Prozac. Inform your doctor immediately if you become pregnant while on treatment with the medication.

Breast-feeding women should not use Prozac either as its effects can pass through breast milk or harm the baby.

Inform your doctor if you have cirrhosis of the liver, have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder at any time, have suicidal thoughts or tendencies, diabetes, and seizures.

Disclose to your healthcare provider any other drugs that you may be taking like prescription, over the counter, vitamins and herbal supplements to avoid any harmful interactions.

Monitor for any changes in mood and new or improving symptoms as it can help assess the effectiveness of Prozac in overcoming depression.

Side effects

Similar to any other anti-depressant drug, Prozac has some side effects such as:

  • Diarrhea, vomiting, insomnia, nausea
  • Changes in appetite
  • Dryness of mouth
  • Skin peeling and severe blisters
  • Impotence, orgasm difficulties, reduced sex drive
  • Behavioral changes – anxiety, mood swings, suicidal tendencies, panic attacks, agitation, hyperactive, depression, etc.
  • Several allergic reactions – breathing difficulties, skin rash and swelling of lips, tongue, mouth or face
  • Sneezing, cold-runny nose, sore throat and symptoms of flu

Fluoxetine (Prozac) is a medication that is prescribed to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder (thoughts that are retained in the brain and are bothersome and the desire to recurrently perform specific actions), depression, panic attacks (abrupt, unexpected feeling of worry or fear), and eating disorder. In addition, Fluconazole also relieves a person from the premenstrual dysphoric disorders, for example, breast tenderness, mood swings, bloating, and irritability. This drug falls in a specific group of medication commonly known as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors.

How it works?

Fluoxetine works by improving serotonin levels. The drug can be used in joint combinations with other medications such as Zyprexa (Olanzapine) with the intention of treating depression arising from bipolar disorder. The combination gives the desired result in cases where previous medications have failed.

Uses

Fluoxetine is found to be mostly needed in the treatment of a host of mental ailments like major form of depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, dysphoric disorder during the premenstrual phase, bulimia. The drug has also convinced many as one of the better ones in enhancing an individual’s sleep, maintaining good mood, upkeep of high energy levels and a reasonable appetite.

Doctors also recommend Fluoxetine for bettering the every individual’s capacity in performing the daily personal chores without encountering any psychological health issues.

Dosage

Fluoxetine is commonly taken orally, once in 24 hours – regularly as a practice in the morning time. There are cases where the medication is prescribed to be taken two times in day.

When Fluoxetine is prescribed to be taken twice, the best practice is one dosage in the forenoon session and other in the afternoon session. In instances where the liquid form of the medication is taken avoid using a spoon used for typical household purposes. You are supposed to utilize an appropriate measuring instrument to assess the dosage precisely.

Fluoxetine has to be taken 15 days ahead of the exact occurrence of period if it is taken for treating premenstrual problems. Commencing the medication with reduced dosage levels would be ideal in minimizing the problem of side effects. Following the dosage schedule rigorously can lower the risk of the drug intake possibly to a large extent. Avoid halting the medication intake suddenly as this is fraught with risks like encountering withdrawal symptoms.

Precautions

Completely abstain from consuming liquor as this has got the dangerous potential of intensifying the many side effects of Fluoxetine.

The intake of Fluoxetine has the possibility to slightly or adversely impact the cognition capabilities to be specific the thinking and reaction. So take care in not indulging in any form of serious work like driving or operating machinery after the intake of a dose. This not only places your own life at risk but also endangers the lives of people who are working around you.

With regards to taking Fluoxetine, avoid chewing, crushing or biting the capsule in the course of medication. The probabilities of encountering adverse reactions are relatively high if the medication is taken in this manner and do ensure the drug is not provided to anybody below the age of 18.

Side Effects

If any of the side effects listed below appear and persist, seek medical assistance from a reliable source. The common side effects include:

  • nausea
  • nervousness
  • sore throat
  • dry mouth
  • weakness
  • drowsiness
  • appetite changes
  • uncontrollable body shaking
  • changes in your sexual ability or drive
  • weight loss
  • excessive sweating

Celexa is a medication that is used in the treatment of depression. Its generic form is known as Citalopram. Alongside depression, it also treats eating disorders, anxiety disorders, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and premenstrual dysphoric syndrome.

Celexa falls within a broad class of antidepressants called Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors. These anti-depressants work on neurotransmitters – the naturally occurring chemicals that facilitate communication in the brain between nerves cells.

Drug data

Citalopram hydrobromide which is the active ingredient in Celexa belongs to a group of antidepressant medications known as SSRIs which is the abbreviated form for Selective Serotonin reuptake inhibitors, which are the most commonly prescribed anti-depressant drugs.

Celexa works by blocking the reuptake of the neurotransmitter serotonin by making it more available for use by the brain. Increased levels of serotonin are associated with enhanced moods which is very much important in relieving the symptoms of mood disorders. This drug is essentially prescribed for treating the subtypes of depression and major depressive disorder.

The drug can also be used in treating other conditions like obsessive compulsive disorder, panic disorder, dysthymia, anxiety, body dysmorphic disorder and also premenstrual dysphoric disorder.

This drug comprises of inactive ingredients like glycerin, corn, starch, magnesium stearate, croscarmellose sodium, hypromellose, microcrystalline cellulose, copovidone, lactose monohydrate, titanium dioxide, polyethylene glycol and iron oxide coloring agents, in addition to the active ingredient citalopram.

Dosage

Celexa medicine is available in the dosage strengths of 10 mg, 20 mg and 40 mg as tablets. The dosage for every individual varies and depends upon their age, medical condition and response to the treatment.

This medicine is usually administered as a single dose either in the morning or in the afternoon. The maximum dose an individual can take on a daily basis is 40 mg. Celexa can be taken irrespective of having had food or not as food does not affect the way the drug is absorbed by the body.

Taking Celexa medicine after having a meal will help a person to avoid nausea. The med should be taken exactly as advised by the doctor and should not be increased or decreased as doing so can result in unnecessary complications.

You should also not use Celexa medicine longer than what is recommended by the physician. You have to stop using the medicine slowly and should not stop using it abruptly as doing so can cause withdrawal reactions.

Precautions

Children, teens and individuals younger than 24 years of age are likely to get affected with suicidal thoughts and behavior. One should understand that antidepressants do not cause thoughts of suicide but the underlying psychiatric condition do. Therefore patients taking Celexa have to be monitored for their behavior, thoughts and actions.

Any person who is allergic to Celexa medicine or to its ingredients should not use it. This med is not advised for women who are pregnant, planning to get pregnant or even breastfeeding ladies.

If you have a family history of liver complications, severe heart disease, blood clot problems, long QT syndrome, bleeding disorders, glaucoma, kidney disease, low levels of potassium or magnesium in blood and bipolar disorder, you need to inform your consulting doctor before getting prescribed for Celexa. Patients who are having a history of drug abuse should be using this medicine with utmost caution.

Side Effects

The common Citalopram side effects are mentioned below. However, if these side effects worsen or persist, make an effort of seeking a pharmacist’s intervention.

  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Appetite loss
  • Sweating
  • Drowsiness
  • Yawning
  • Blurred vision

Other serious Citalopram side effects include:

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Fainting
  • Vomiting
  • Black stools
  • Tremors (shaking)
  • Seizures
  • Sexual ability changes
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Reduced sex drive

Abilify is an antipsychotic medication that functions by changing the chemical actions precisely on the brain. It mainly treats psychotic conditions symptoms such as manic Depression (bipolar disorder) and schizophrenia.

In cases of major depression, especially in adults, the drug is used jointly with other medications. As a secondary medical use, Abilify is used in the treatment of irritability or symptoms of temper tantrums, aggression, self-injury occurring as a result of the autistic disorder, and mood swings.

How it works?

The exact mechanism of Abilify in treating certain psychotic disorders is unknown. The drug works differently from other antipsychotic medications and brings about balance to the unbalanced chemicals in the brain due to the disorder. The drug chiefly affects the imbalance of dopamine and serotonin levels that cause the depressive disorder.

Uses

While Abilify is primarily used in the treatment of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, it has other uses as well. The other conditions treated with this drug are Tourette’s disorder and mood disorders in autistic children. The drug is also used in other health conditions that are accompanied with mood disorders as it can effectively be stabilized.

Some depressive conditions that do not respond to certain drugs can be instead treated with Abilify as it is quite effective.

Dosage

Abilify is available for use in the dosage strengths of 2 mg, 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg, 20 mg and 30 mg in the form of orally administered tablets. One can also avail the orally disintegrating tablets in dosage strengths of 10 mg and 15 mg. Oral solution and injectable form of the drug are also used in certain groups of people. The drug should be taken only as directed by the healthcare provider. Modifying the dose in any way like increasing or decreasing it can adversely affect the condition being treated. The patient will typically be administered with the lowest dosage initially and then increased according to the response to the treatment.

Side Effects

The drug is associated with both severe and less worrying side effects. Some patients experience allergic reactions due to consumption of the medicine. These allergic reactions are in the form of breathing difficulties, hives or swellings. The popular symptoms are – anxiety, dizziness, and headaches. However, irrespective of the severity of side effects, expert advice is recommended.

The side effects include:

  • Jaundice
  • Uneven heartbeat
  • Seizures
  • Fever
  • Weight Loss
  • Body aches

However, abilify side effects usually subside with time. According to medical research, alcohol is believed to worsen or increase the severity of the side effects and should be avoided.

Precautions

  • Abilify can affect your thinking and reactions, hence it is recommended not to drive after taking this drug.
  • The drug can also cause a feeling of drowsiness, which is why it is advised not to stand up or walk too fast as it can make you unstable and trip.
  • Avoid alcohol while taking this drug as it increases the risk of side effects.
  • The drug can also make you feel dehydrated and this why it is important to drink a lot of fluids.
  • Avoid taking the drug for longer than recommended, and typically not more than six weeks unless asked to do so by the doctor.

Self-Care

Taking the drug in the right way is the best way to improve health. Increasing the dosage thinking that the condition can be treated faster will only result in drug overdose. Indications that the patient has overdosed on Abilify are seizures, tremors, vomiting, and breathing trouble. Persons with Dementia and other associated conditions should not take this drug as it can be life-threatening. Stay alert if there are any major side effects or suicidal thoughts and consult with the doctor immediately.


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