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CATEGORY ARCHIVES


ASTHMA

FML Forte (Fluorometholone ophthalmic suspension) is a Corticosteroid and an anti-inflammatory agent. It is 0.25 % sterile when packed. It is available in ointment as well as in eye drops.

Medical Uses

It is used in treating inflammation caused in the eyes or eyelids. The active ingredient in the medication works by decreasing the symptoms like swelling, itching and redness.

Dosage and Administration

FML Forte is available as 10 ml and 15 ml bottles. Read the leaflet before using this medication. Shake well before using it. Lie down facing upward. Open the eyelid and place a drop in to the eye. Close eyes and avoid rubbing and blinking it. Keep a finger on the corner of the eye that is near to the nose, apply gentle pressure on it. This will avoid the medication from flushing out from the eye. Repeat this procedure in the other eye too. It is recommended to use this medication only in the prescribed number of drops. Do not wear contact lens while using this medication. Wash the hands before and after using this eye drops.

This medication is also available in ointment form. To apply this to the eye, lie down facing upward. Open the eyelid and squeeze the ointment tube without touching the eye. Gently blink eyes and close it for a few minutes. Both the tip of eye dropper as well as the ointment tube should not touch the eye. Close those with the respective caps to avoid contamination of the medication. If the condition of the patient does not improve after two days, consult the doctor regarding this issue. It is very essential not to share this medication with other patients even for those having same symptoms. Before using FML Forte, tell to the doctor if you have fungal or viral infection, untreated chicken pox, and herpes.

Precautions

When using FML Forte, do not wear contact lenses as there are chances that the preservatives in this medication can get in contact with the contact lenses.

Wait at least for ten minutes before you begin to apply any type of drops or ointments for your eye.

Never use the medication beyond what is prescribed as overusing will not improve your ailment any faster but will only increase the risk of your side effects.

If the drop changes its color, it means that the eye drop is either contaminated or expired. In any case, you need to stop using such medications as otherwise it can result in eye infections or sometimes even loss of vision.

Side effects

Some of the common side effects of this medication are weight gain, increase in body hair, thinning skin, slow healing of wound, irregular menstrual cycle, weakness, tiredness, depression, anxiety, irritation or redness in eyes, eye pain, blurred vision and changes in sexual function. This is due to the absorption of the medication in the bloodstream. Consult with the medical practitioner if the patient develops any of the ill effects.

Contraindications

The medications that are taken in different ways including nasal, oral, injection as well as inhalation would interact with this medication. So it is wise to consult a doctor regarding all the medications that the patients are currently taken. It includes vitamins, birth control pills, herbal products, prescription drugs as well as over-the-counter medications. Depending upon it, the physician would choose a best dose for the patient.


Seroflo is a combination of fluticasone propionate and salmeterol. This medication belongs to the class of drugs called as synthetic corticosteroid as well as selective and long-acting beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist. Since there are two active ingredients in this medication, it has diverse effects on the condition asthma. It is an anti-inflammatory agent. It has a lasting period of at least 12 hours.

Medical Uses

Seroflo is used in treating conditions like asthma. Patients who have used different combination medicines as well as any inhalers, but found to have no improvement in this condition are eligible to use Seroflo Inhaler.

Seroflo is also used in treating conditions like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It is an appropriate treatment for moderate to severe type of this condition.

Fluticasone propionate in the drug is used to prevent inflammation, which is the major cause of asthma. Salmeterol in the medication helps in relaxing the muscles present in the air way of the lungs and thus widens the airways. Both the active ingredients are released in the bronchioles of the lung. It works together thus improving the liver function and also reducing the symptoms of asthma.

How to use Seroflo Inhaler?

Patients can read the medical guide on how to use the inhaler and in case of any questions, it can be asked to the healthcare provider.

Seroflo is used two times in a day, once in the morning and again in the evening. The dose that is prescribed to the patient is based on their severity of the problem, as well as the age. Shake the inhaler before using it and remove the mouth piece cover. Do not exhale on the device. Place the mouth piece in between the lips and inhale by mouth. It is very important to hold the breath for few minutes. Take the mouth piece away from the mouth and close it with its cover. Now breathe out gently.

Do not take another puff of Seroflo even if you didn’t feel the taste of the medication. Wash the mouth with water. Follow these steps each time while inhaling this medication. Inform your doctor if you have tuberculosis, diabetes, lung infections, heart related diseases.

Seroflo should be used for the prescribed period of time only. If the patient forgets to inhale the dose, it can be done when they remember. If it conflicts with the timing of the next dose, it is best to skip the missed one.

Side Effects

While inhaling this medication, certain side effects may be aggravated. Sore throat, throat irritation, headache, rapid heartbeat, palpitations, muscle cramps, tremor and bruising are a few among them.

The side effects that occur with Seroflo Inhaler are only those that are associated with the particular ingredients of the medication used and not the combination of these ingredients as such. These conditions are usually mild. However, if the patient experiences severe or unusual symptoms then one must seek emergency medical attention.

The adverse effects of using Seroflo can be monitored and noted down so that the exact symptoms can be explained clearly with the healthcare provider as some effects may be a part of your condition itself.

Relative contraindications to Seroflo

It may so happen that the increased levels of Fluticasone in the body can result in interactions with other drugs. The best way to prevent any adverse drug interactions is to disclose any drugs you may be taking to your healthcare provider. These may be prescription drugs, over-the-counter pills, herbal supplements, and nutrition enhancers like vitamins and minerals too as they can increase the levels of certain chemicals in the body. Azole antifungals, Cobicistat, Nefazodone, Telithromycin are few among those drugs which should be avoided whilst using Seroflo. The healthcare professional would be able to ensure that any harmful effects from interactions can be avoided.


Entocort is an anti-inflammatory prescription medication that contains the active ingredient Budesonide. The drug may be available in various formulations like compressed pills, extended release capsules, inhaler, and nasal sprays based on the condition that is being treated. The steroid medication helps to prevent or control inflammation.

Medical Uses

Entocort has many uses for which it is prescribed based on the patient’s symptoms and the efficacy of the drug in treating the problem. The drug may be used in treating or managing certain conditions like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), nasal polyps, allergic rhinitis, Crohn’s disease, and inflammatory bowel problems. The medication may be used for long-term or short-term therapy as required. Before taking this medicine, the patient should disclose to the healthcare provider if he or she is allergic to the active ingredient or have any health conditions that may affect the steroid therapy like high blood pressure, tuberculosis, viral infections, bacterial infections, osteoporosis, family history of glaucoma or diabetes, liver problems, or a weak immune system. Pregnant women should inform their doctor of their state of health before taking the drug.

Dosage and Administration

The medication comes as 9 mg, 6 mg and 3 mg capsules. Entocort should be consumed exactly as recommended by the doctor. Based on the drug formulation for the type of condition being treated, read the instructions of use on the product label for the correct administration methods. The compressed pills and extended release capsules that are meant for oral administration should never be crushed, broken, chewed or opened but swallowed whole. The dosage should never be increased or decreased, or discontinued without the doctor’s consent. A drug taper is essential while stopping the medication as suddenly doing so can result in unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Since any steroid drugs can cause unwanted side effects, it essential to regularly check blood for any signs of health problems. The drug should never be combined with grapefruit juice or Echinacea herbal supplements.

Side effects

Some of the mild to moderate side effects include flu like symptoms, headache, and nausea. More severe reactions to the drug that require immediate medical attention are menstruation troubles, thinning skin, higher outbursts of acne, more than usual facial hair, easy bruising, loss of interest in sex, and changes in the fat location that alters the shape of the body. Regular health checks can help in avoiding these symptoms or diagnosing before they can become serious.

What drugs shouldn’t be combined with the medication?

Before deciding to be on the course of entocort, the patient should be aware of disclose to the doctor any other medications that he or she may be taking in order to avoid dangerous drug interactions. Medications that should not be combined with the steroid drug are immunity weakening remedies, certain HIV/AIDS drugs, Hepatitis C drugs, blood pressure pills, anti-fungal formulations, antibiotics, and antidepressants. Irrespective of the types of drugs, any medicinal treatments should be disclosed to the prescribing physician.


Benadryl, which is the brand formulation of diphenhydramine, is a cough medicine that is available in oral and topical form (med that has to be applied only on a particular area).The medicine was approved by FDA for McNeil consumer healthcare in the year 1946.

This medication is usually marketed as an over-the-counter medicine by Johnson & Johnson. It is also available under various brand names in many countries as a medication to treat motion sickness and to provide a good quality sleep.

Medical Uses

Benadryl is mostly used to treat symptoms like runny nose, sneezing, itching in throat or nose and many other allergy symptoms. The medicine can also be taken when the person experiences same effects as a result of common cold. The active ingredient diphenhydramine blocks the chemical histamine that occurs naturally in the body. The topical form of this medication is available in cream, gel and spray type and it can be used to reduce itching caused by normal bites from insects and irritation caused by sun burn.

Dosage and Administration

Benadryl capsules come in dosage strengths of 50 mg and 25 mg. 25 mg capsules contain 25 milligrams of diphenhydramine. It has to be taken as a whole when it is taken in the form of tablet. When it is given in the form of syrup to children parents are supposed to give half of the normal dose per teaspoon. When taken as a pill, nearly 1 or 2 pills can be taken a day. For children who refuse to take tablets, 1 to 2 tea spoons of the syrup can be given.

People taking Benadryl syrup are suggested to consume them only with the measuring cup provided with the medicine. The prescription is given only upon consulting a doctor and that is the safest way to deal with a medicine.

Benadryl can also be taken by pregnant women as it is found not to interact with the development of the baby. But this has to be done only after consulting a doctor. But nursing women are not advised to take this as newborn babies are so sensitive and vulnerable to the medicine.

Side effects

Common side effects that occur while taking this medicine are sleeping for a time that is longer than usual, headaches and dry mouth or throat. When severe side effects like difficulty in breathing or change in vision happen it is better for a person to stop taking the medicine and consult his physician immediately.

Relative Contraindications to Benadryl

The drugs that interact with the medication are doxepin, aspirin, diazepam, lorazepam, alprazolam and other medications that contain the active ingredient diphenhydramine. So it is advised to consult a doctor before taking any of the aforesaid drugs together with this drug.

Do not take Benadryl if you are suffering from certain health ailments like High Blood Pressure, Overactive Thyroid Gland, Increased Pressure in the Eye, difficulty in bowel movement, Stenosing Peptic Ulcer, Enlarged Prostate, Closed Angle Glaucoma and Blockage of Urinary Bladder

If you have decided to take Benadryl tablets, then it is a must that you should not consume alcohol even to a very shorter amount. Taking alcohol along with this medication would interact and might change the way this drug works.


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