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Mircette is a brand formulation of the combination drugs ethinyl estradiol and desogestrel. It is a progestin that is used in hormonal contraceptives (birth control methods that act on the endocrine system). As a combined oral contraceptive pill, it contains both estrogen and desogestrel which is a progestin. These are the female hormones that help in preventing ovulation.

Medical Uses

Mircette is basically a birth control pill that is used to prevent pregnancy. It can also be used by women with diabetes or lipid disorders (abnormally elevated levels of lipid in blood) as it is found to have less impact on blood glucose levels. Also it has lower quantity of estrogen thus reducing the possibility of breast tenderness, weigh gain and migraine headaches.

Mircette works by preventing the sperm from reaching the eggs, by changing the lining of the uterus and cervical mucus. It also makes the condition harder for a fertilized egg to adhere firmly to the uterus. The generic formulation of this brand pill also produces the same effect because it also contains the same ingredient as the brand one.

Dosage and Administration

Mircette comes as a 28 day birth control pack and it comprises 7 reminder pills to keep the menstrual cycle regular. The pill is supposed to be taken on the first day of your periods or the first Sunday after the commencement of periods.

Mircette should be taken in the exact way it has been told by the physician. As directed by the physician, the person must take back up birth control, like condoms while taking the pill for the first time.

Only one pill should be taken for a day and if the person misses to take the daily intake there is a chance that she may become pregnant. Try not to miss a dose of Mircette. If the pills prescribed to you are over, start with the new pack and continue it till the prescribed duration.

Important safety information

You should not use Mircette if you are pregnant or have recently been pregnant.

Do not take this medication without consulting a doctor if you have any of the below conditions:

High blood pressure, heart disease, heart attack, stroke, circulation problems, clotting issues, diabetes, kidney issues, vaginal bleeding, jaundice, migraines, breast or uterine cancer.

Do not smoke, especially if you are older than 35 years, as smoking can increase the risk of having a stroke or heart attack.

Medications like Hep-C, HIV and seizure drugs can put you at risk of having a heart attack, stroke or blood clot when you are on a medical course with Mircette.

Do not take Mircette if you have recently delivered a child or if you are breast feeding as this drug has the ability to cause birth defects in children.

Do not use this medicine if you are breastfeeding a child as there are certain hormones in Mircette which can enter into breast milk and harm the children being breastfed.

Side effects

It is advised to stop taking Mircette and consult a physician immediately when the person experiences:

  • Swelling or redness in legs
  • Chest pain
  • Depression
  • Loss of appetite
  • Yellowing of eyes (Jaundice)

Lynoral comprises of the active ingredient Ethinylestradiol which is the synthetic version of the female sex hormone oestrogen. It is a contraceptive pill indicated for oral administration and is available only upon prescription. It is available in the form of tablets.


Physicians prescribe Lynoral mainly to prevent pregnancy and also to be used to treat menopausal and post-menopausal symptoms especially for the vasomotor effects. This tablet works to prevent ovulation, thickens the mucus in the cervix and also changes the lining of the uterus. It is also used by women who have entered menopause and in the management of breast cancer, dysmenorrheal, post menopause osteoporosis, female hypogonadism.

Lynoral is also used to treat abnormal bleeding from the uterus, delayed sexual development in some female, treat natural low levels of estradiol or even for treating certain cancers of the prostate.

Important safety information

Taking this medication can be safe if you follow a few basic precautions:

  • It is advised not to take Lynoral if you are pregnant or recently delivered a baby as it can affect your hormone levels. Taking the medication when pregnant can also harm the developing baby and may result in birth defects.
  • Intimate to the doctor if you have conditions like heart disease, kidney problems, obesity, migraines, high Blood Pressure, mental health problems, liver disease, vaginal bleeding, Diabetes, blood clots, or stroke incidence.
  • Do not smoke while taking Lynoral.
  • Inform the doctor of any other drugs you may be presently taking to check for possible interactions.

Dosage and Administration

Lynoral is available in various forms and dosage strengths. The typical dose of Lynoral is a compressed tablet that contains 0.01 mg of Ethinylestradiol. The drug may also be taken at a slightly higher dosage of 0.05 mg depending on the condition being treated and the age of the patient.

Lynoral tablets should be taken orally, usually once each day. As it is indicated for oral administration, it can be taken by mouth with a glass full of water either with or without food. The dosage for the medication depends upon age and patient’s response to the medication.

The tablet should never be crushed, broken or chewed at any time and should be swallowed as a whole. This medical course is carried over by taking a single lynoral tablet each day for 21 days and no tablets for the next 7 days and the same procedure is repeated until the doctor requests to stop using the medication. For cancer patients, the drug should be taken three times every day for a period of 3 months.

Side effects

If you experience certain symptoms like stomach ache, stomach upset, bloating, diarrhea, changes in weight, appetite, swelling of the hands, feet or legs, acne, increased blood pressure, Hair Loss, breast tenderness, bleeding or spotting in between menstrual cycle while on a course of treatment with Lynoral, inform your health care professional immediately and get treated for the symptoms.

Some severe side effects comprise mental Depression, unusual bleeding, and loss of appetite, yellowing of the skin or eyes and all of these conditions should be reported to the physician right away.

Levlen is a prescription contraceptive pill that is formulated with the combination of levonorgestrel/ethinyl estradiol. These ingredients prevent pregnancy by stopping the ovulation from happening. They also work by altering the lining of the uterus and changing the cervical mucus. The pill cannot be used by all women because it conflicts with certain habits or health conditions of a woman.

Benefits of using Levlen

The medicine containing the above mentioned components or hormones as its main ingredient is used to help prevent pregnancy and is regarded as one of the most efficient means of birth control. There are also other advantages of using this medicine which are reduced menstrual pain and balancing of irregularities of the period. One can also experience slight improvement in their pre-menstrual symptoms like bloating, formation of pimples or swelling. Each brand or generic pill contains 0.05 mg of ethinyl estradiol which is a synthetic estrogen and 0.15 mg of levonorgestrel which is synthetic progestogen. These two hormones work together to prevent to ovulation and also prevent the thinning of the lining of uterus.

Dosage and Administration

Levlen is available in the dosage strength of 0.15 mg. you have to take the medication as mentioned by a health care professional. Do not skip taking the drug as it would reduce the effectiveness to a greater extent. You should also halt the medication in a proper way by getting assistance from a doctor.

The medicine is an oral contraceptive and comes in the form of packages which contains the pills for 21, 28 or 91 days. No matter what quantity the packet comes in the cycle of these contraceptive pills is considered to be 28 days, day 1 being the first day of the menstrual bleeding.

Important safety information

  • Do not consume alcohol or do not smoke when you are taking Levlen as this would trigger many diseases in a person.
  • This medication does not protect you from any sexually transmitted diseases hence use condoms during a sexual activity.
  • It is not recommended to drive or operate heavy machinery during the treatment.
  • Check your breasts regularly. If you find any lumps then consult your doctor about it.
  • If you have decided to undergo any surgery or if you are going to take any long flight then you have to tell about this to your health care professional. They will let you know about certain safety precautions.
  • Levlen should not be taken immediately within a month after child birth or abortion. You can ask any questions about this to your doctor.
  • During the treatment, you would develop dark patches on your face. When you expose yourself to sunlight then this would automatically increase.
  • You should use sunscreen or any protection before going out under hot sun.
  • While you are taking Levlen, you would find some vaginal spotting or bleeding. This is fine for a week but if this persists more than this period, you have to consult with a doctor.
  • When you are taking inactive pills, if you do not get your period then this might be the sign of pregnancy.
  • After you stop taking this medication, it would take some time for your body to wear off the drug. So, pregnancy might not be an option for few months.
  • Levlen must be taken on a regular basis to ensure effective contraception.
  • The failure rate while taking this pill was found to be only 1 % hence forgetting to consume the medicine will increase your chances of an unwanted pregnancy.
  • The pill must not be taken by women who have drinking or smoking problem. Heavy smokers have an increased risk of side effects such as blood pressure and heart strokes.

Side Effects

Most common side effects that if persists must be checked with a medical professional immediately are:

  • Tenderness or soreness of breasts
  • Unusual bleeding or spotting
  • Loss or increase of appetite
  • Loss of hair
  • Depression
  • Sudden changes in weight
  • Pain in the stomach

If severe side effects or allergic reactions occur while on treatment with levlen, it must be checked with a doctor as and when they appear. It is not wise to wait for the symptoms to subside in the case of any breast lumps or discharge.

Relative contraindications to Levlen

Medicines such as Beta-blockers, antibiotics, azole antifungals, indinavir and salicylic acid are known to interact with Levlen. These are not the only type of drug interactions that are identified and other might also occur.

Yasmin is a contraceptive pill which is the brand formulation of Drospirenone and Ethinyl estradiol. It has a protein binding of 97 % and a half-life period of about 30 hours.

Medical Uses

Yasmin is used as a Birth Control medication by preventing the discharge of an egg from the ovary during the menstrual cycle. The vaginal fluid is made thicker, thus preventing sperm from getting in contact with the eggs and hence fertilization is avoided here. The uterus lining is changed to prevent the egg from attaching in it. When the egg fails to attach itself to the uterus, it comes out of the body. This is how it works to prevent pregnancy.

Yasmin has few more benefits other than preventing pregnancy, by helping to regulate the menstrual cycle, reducing blood loss as well as pain during periods, and also decreasing the risk of ovarian cyst. This drug is also used in treating Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) as well as moderate acne.

Dosage and Administration

Yasmin is available as film coated tablets in the dosage strength of 0.03 mg/ 3 mg. You have to take the pill as advised by your doctor without increasing or decreasing the dosage strength. Also, you should not take two doses in order to have greater effects or if you missed a dose.

It is essential to read the medical guide before commencing the medication. This drug is taken by mouth with or without food.

Generally Yasmin is prescribed to be taken only once in a day. The pills can be taken at the same time each day so that the person does not forget. The next dose of the pill should be taken only after 24 hours. To avoid nausea or stomach upset, the tablet can be taken after a meal or before going to sleep.

Take the doses at the correct time and never miss a dose. If a person does not take the Yasmin regularly or at the regular time, the chances of pregnancy is high.

There will be 21 pills in a Yasmin packet that contains active ingredient in it along with 7 pills with no hormones. Take one pill a day for 21 consecutive days. At the end of taking the last hormone pill, you would get periods. Consult the doctor if a person does not get periods and continue with the new pack of this birth control pill.

If this is the first time for a person to take this pill, it is recommended to start taking from the first day of the periods. This helps to avoid the usage of non-hormonal birth control methods.

Important safety information

Do not use Yasmin if you have high Blood Pressure, heart disease or clotting problems. Migraine and circulation issues can also have an effect on this medicine.

Smoking, especially when you are above the age of 35 years, can have an impact on Yasmin.

If you are pregnant or if you have been pregnant recently, then you should not take Yasmin.

There are certain drugs such as Antibiotics and other AIDS meds which can make Yasmin less effective in preventing unwanted pregnancy.

Make your doctor know if you are having problems like Depression, thyroid issues, kidney problems, Heart Disease, jaundice, migraines, eye problems etc. before getting prescribed for Yasmin.

Side effects

Certain side effects may be triggered whilst taking Yasmin. Some of the minor effects are nausea, stomach cramps, bleeding during periods, vomiting, and breast tenderness. In some cases, severe side effects may happen. Irregular heart rate, fainting, mood swings, skin rash, tightness in the chest, swelling, confusion, irregular periods, trouble sleeping, change in vision and vaginal irritation are some among them. Consult with the physician regarding the side effects as soon as possible.

Alesse is a prescription medication that is used to prevent pregnancy. It belongs to a group of combined oral contraceptive pills that contain both estrogens and progestogens. Women will not experience their menstrual periods while they are on treatment with this medicine. The pill works by preventing pregnancy which it does by interfering with the implantation of a blastocyst (structure formed in the early development of mammals). The combination drug prevents a woman from releasing eggs from her ovaries. It actually makes the cervical mucus thick thus keeping the sperm away from joining with an egg.

Medical Uses

Alesse is mainly used to keep away a woman from becoming pregnant. It is used as a form of contraception to prevent pregnancy. It can also be used to provide relief when the menstrual period is too painful. It helps to make the periods regular and it also reduces the risks of ovarian cysts. In any case, pregnant women or women who have just given birth to a child are not supposed to take this medicine. Also women with high blood pressure, heart disorders or vaginal bleeding are not advised to take this pill.

Dosage and Administration

Alesse is available as a pack of twenty-eight pills. The twenty one pink activated compressed tablets comprise of 0.10 mg of Levonorgestrel and 0.02 mg of Ethinyl Estradiol. The remaining seven pills are light green and inactive, but are taken consecutively for seven days.

Alesse has to be taken in the exact way in which it has been prescribed. Usually the first pill is taken on the first day of the menstrual period or the first Sunday after the commencement of periods. An individual taking this pill should take one pill every 24 hours and they are not supposed to miss a dose as it may lead to pregnancy. The pack comprises of 28 pills of which 7 pills are reminders that makes the period cycle regular.

Important safety information

Before taking Alesse, read and follow the important drug safety information provided below:

  • The drug should not be taken by someone who is pregnant or recently had a baby. Postpartum women can check with their doctors on when it would be safe to take oral contraceptives.
  • Alesse is not indicated for use in persons who have ailments like high blood pressure, heart diseases, diabetes, epilepsy, depression, underactive thyroid, obesity, irregular menstruation, tuberculosis, blood clotting problems, liver or kidney disease, cancer, vaginal bleeding, jaundice, prior incidence of heart attack or stroke, and regular smoking.
  • In case you miss a dose of Alesse, alternative contraceptives like condoms may be used just to be safe.
  • Breast-feeding is not recommended as it can affect the nursing child.
  • Risk of pregnancy may change as some drugs can alter the effectiveness of Alesse. Check with your doctor for adverse drug interactions for any kind of drug that you may be otherwise taking.

Side Effects

Common side effects that are experienced by women taking this pill are

  • Nausea
  • Tender breasts
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Change in menstrual periods
  • Reduced sex drive
  • Loss of appetite and weight

Serious side effects like problems with vision, chest pain, sudden numbness felt on one side of the body and rapid breathing may occur while you are on Alesse and should be treated by an authorized physician immediately. The side effects can be minimized when the pill is taken in the right way.

Interactions with other drugs

Drug interactions that happen while taking this drug may reduce the efficacy of the drug. The drugs that interact with Alesse are antibiotics, medications taken to treat seizures, HIV and AIDS medication. So it is better to consult a doctor so you can avoid taking any of these drugs together.

Taking other birth control pills along with this medication can cause adverse effects.