Rogaine or Minoxidil is an antihypertensive vasodilator medication meaning it involves opening of blood vessels resulting from the relaxation of smooth muscle cells within the wall of the blood vessel. The relaxation of blood vessels is done to increase the blood flow in the required area.
Rogaine was initially developed to treat ulcer by Upjohn Company. But when trials were made, individual taking the medicine reported an unusual side effect that rather than curing ulcer the medication caused hair growth in several parts of their body. This is the only approved topical medication for the treatment of androgenic Hair Loss. Also this drug was approved for over-the-counter sale and generic formulations by FDA in the year 1996.
The Liquid version of Rogaine is also available in two different forms for men and women.
Rogaine is mainly used in the treatment of androgenic alopecia. This is also known as male pattern hair loss or baldness that is characterized by the loss of hair specifically in the crown area due to the shrinkage of hair follicles by the influence of androgenic hormones.
The medication is utilized to promote hair growth in both the men and women. It is found that about 40% of men have experienced regrowth of hair by taking the medication regularly for about 3 to 6 months.
Since it is a topical medication, which means Rogaine should be applied to a particular affected area, it is available in liquid and foam formulation.
Regardless of the version, only 1ml of Rogaine is supposed to be applied on the scalp. Differences can be noticed when Rogaine is used on a regular basis for 3 months. If there is no evident difference in growth of hair or lessening of hair fall within this duration then the individual should stop taking the medication and consult his physician immediately.
Common side effects that may occur are itching, redness of eye, irritation of eye or the treated area. At times it is possible for hair to grow in some other part of the body.
Individuals using Rogaine are strictly advised not to discontinue the treatment without consulting his physician as this may lead to reversal of treatment.
As Rogaine is not recommended for oral administration it is found to be tolerable.
Rogaine should be applied only as directed by the physician to avoid side effects from happening.
Since the medication is easily tolerable it is not found to interact with other topical or oral drugs. But still one must consult a doctor if he experiences itching or irritation while using Rogaine.