Truvada is the trade name of the combination drugs Tenofovir and Emtricibitane. The drug components are antiretroviral agents used in treating and managing HIV/AIDS.

The drug cannot cure the infection completely but can suppress the virus from replicating itself. The ingredient Tenofovir may be used as a standalone drug or in combination with other HIV pills to reduce the infection.

The combination of pills for the HIV therapy is decided by the prescribing physician based on the level of infection, patient’s response to treatment, age, weight, and after a thorough medical check to prevent drug interactions and any underlying health conditions that may become affected.

Important information

The fixed dose combination pill may be used primarily to reduce the level of the HIV infection. Truvada may also be used in pre-exposure to the HIV strain, particularly in individuals who are at higher risk of transmission.

Truvada should not be considered as a substitute for safe sex practices and following of other safety measures. It may be taken by pregnant women affected with this immunity inhibiting virus to prevent transmission to the developing fetus.

It is advised that women with HIV/AIDS should not breast-feed a baby as the virus can be transmitted through breast milk.


As with other HIV drugs, the dosage should be taken at the same time every day without skipping a dose for maximum drug efficacy.

If the Truvada drug course is not regulated properly, the HIV strain may evolve to become resistant to the medication. The patient should also undergo blood tests every three months to check for liver or kidney damages, and the bone density.

If other drugs are prescribed along Truvada, then follow the recommendations of the prescribing physician.

Side effects

Patients who get prescribed Truvada may also be able to learn about the potential side effects of taking this drug and certain precautions for use. The patient should provide information about any history of kidney or liver troubles, bone mineral density problems, or Hepatitis B to the healthcare provider.

Truvada can cause a condition called lactic acidosis that requires treatment immediately and patients should be aware of the symptoms of this condition.

The signs of lactic acidosis are

  • numbness,
  • weakness in the muscles,
  • nausea,
  • stomach troubles,
  • irregular heartbeat,
  • trouble breathing,
  • dizziness.

Common side effects of taking this HIV pill include

  • headache,
  • itching,
  • depression,
  • changes in body fat.

Relative Contraindications

Individuals can take generic Truvada after learning about potentially harmful interactions with other HIV medications. Although a combination of pills may be prescribed for the treatment, Antibiotics, Arthritismedications and other drugs that contain Tenofovir, Lamivudine, Adefovir, and Emtricitabine should be avoided.

The Truvada antiretroviral pill may harm the kidneys and liver, hence one should disclose to the doctor if one is taking any other drugs like vitamins, OTC pill, and even herbal supplements as they can combine to produce harmful effects.


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